Strategic Litigation Against Public Participation

The use of Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (SLAPPs) to target and restrict journalists and media workers exerts significant pressure on media freedom across Europe. SLAPPs enable powerful and wealthy litigants to stifle legitimate criticism through the abuse of existing laws, most notably, defamation. This page presents ECPMF’s work on SLAPPs and anti-SLAPP measures, as well as that of other organisations it partners with.

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JFJ | Anti-SLAPP Project

More information on SLAPP



SLapped down: Six journalists and the legal efforts to silence them

Strategic lawsuits against public participation (Slapps) are a form of legal harassment used to intimidate and ultimately silence those that speak out in the public interest. Index on Censorship’s research and analysis focuses specifically on Slapps against journalists, but activists, academics, and civil society organisations are also among those affected.


Index on censorship SLAPPs

Breaking the silence: Index’s new report on legal measures that will give journalists back their voice

A report based on the online roundtable talks on the vexatious use of the law and the threat it poses to media freedom in Europe

In the report based on the conclusions of the roundtable discussion of distinguished legal experts and practitioners, Index identifies the implementable measures that could prevent Slapps (strategic lawsuits against public participation).


MEPS anti-SLAPP letter

Thirty four MEPSs co-sign letter to Věra Jourová initiate a new directive to stop SLAPP suits

Members of the European Parliament raised their voices and called for the publics attention to pressing problems regarding the Strategic Lawsuits Against Public Participation (SLAPPs).

Věra Jourová replies to MEPs letter

June 2019

SLAPPs against journalists and the media.

A gathering storm: the laws being used to silence the media

A review of how laws are being used in Europe to bring actions against journalists.

In undertaking research into the scope and scale of vexatious lawsuits – or strategic lawsuits against public participation (Slapps) – against journalists and media outlets in Europe, Index hopes to help address the current dearth of information around the phenomenon.


MEPs continue to pile on pressure for anti-SLAPP legislation

Pilatus Bank tactics lambasted in letter to Commission Vice-President.

A cross-party initiative by MEPs that are committed to working to protect media freedom have called on Commission Vice-President to propose Anti-SLAPP legislation.

ECPMF's Verification 
ECPMF's Verification 

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