The European Centre for Press and Media Freedom condemns the insults faced by Italian journalist Nello Scavo as he left the court in Valletta, earlier today. Scavo was testifying in the criminal case against Neville Gafà, who had threatened him online. Upon leaving the hearing, Scavo and Maltese blogger Manuel Delia were insulted with vulgar epithets shouted in Italian by a crowd of people who had amassed in apparent support of Gafà.
On 27 June 2020 Gafà, a former person of trust in the Office of the Maltese Prime Minister, issued a threat against Scavo of the national newspaper Avvenire. In response to a tweet posted by AlarmPhone, an independent support organisation for people crossing the Mediterranean, Gafà called on the organisation to “stop your dirty business”. When Scavo responded questioning the former official’s record, Gafà called for him to “stop your dirty business. If not, we will be stopping you.”
At the hearing, Scavo testified that he felt threatened by Gafà’s tweets and wanted to know the identity of the people who would “stop him” from speaking about migration and refugees. Scavo has previously faced threats as a consequence of his reporting on human trafficking and fuel and arms smuggling. Since October 2019 he has lived under police protection.
We welcome the fact that the judge recognised the editorial staff of Avvenire and the National Federation of the Italian Press (FNSI) as civil parties in the criminal trial, as it gives appropriate recognition to the chilling effect on media freedom of threats against a reporter, beyond the immediate case at hand.
We further recall that the assassination of investigative journalist Daphne Caruana Galizia was preceded by years of verbal threats, attacks on her home, vexatious legal actions and other forms of harassment. Verbal threats from government officials and high-profile individuals, in particular, demonise the media and independent scrutiny and can, if unaddressed, lead to physical acts of violence and send a message of impunity.
A verdict will be pronounced on 15 October 2020. We call on the court to ensure that their decision reflects the gravity of the crime.